|back away||Move backwards, in fear or dislike||When he saw the dog, he backed away.|
|back down||Withdraw; concede defeat.||Local authorities backed down on their plans to demolish the cinema.|
|back up||1) Give support or encouragement2) make a copy of (file, program…)||1) If I tell the boss we’ve got too much work, will you back me up?
2) It is recommended to back up all files.
|bail out||1) Pay money to secure someone’s release2) Rescue from financial difficulties||1) When he was arrested, his family refused to bail him out.
2) The government bailed out the bank.
|bank on||Base your hopes on something/someone.||Don’t forget the date. I’m banking on your help.|
|beef up||Improve or make more substantial||He beefed up his presentation with diagrams and statistics.|
|black out||Faint; lose consciousness||When he fell off the horse, he blacked out.|
|block off||Separate using a barrier.||The area was blocked off during the demonstration.|
|blow up||1) Explode.2) Be destroyed by an explosion.||1) The terrorists said the bomb wouldblow up at 9 o’clock.
2) The car blew up but luckily there was nobody in it.
|boil down to||Be summarized as||The problem boils down to a lack of money.|
|boot up||Start a computer by loading an operating system or program.||Just give me a few minutes to boot up the computer.|
|break away||Escape from captivity.||A few horses broke away from the paddock.|
|break down||1) Go out of order, cease to function.2) Lose control of one’s emotions.||1) John’s car broke down on the way to the airport.
2) The parents broke down when they heard the bad news.
|break into||Enter by force.||The burglars broke into the house around midnight.|
|break off||1) Stop, discontinue2) Stop speaking||1) It was decided to break off diplomatic relations with that country.
2) She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
|break out||Start suddenly.||Riioting broke out as a result of the strike.|
|break out of||Escape from a place by force.||Three prisoners broke out of jail.|
|break up||Come to an end (marriage, relationship…)||After her marriage broke up, Emma went to live in London.|
|bring up||Raise (a child).||She stopped working in order to bring upher children.|
|brush up on||Improve, refresh one’s knowledge of something.||Mary decided to brush up on her Spanish before going to South-America.|
|bump into||Meet by accident or unexpectedly.||Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.|
|burn out||1) Stop (something) working2) Become exhausted from overworking||1) The fuse has burnt out.
2) Tom will burn himself out if he doesn’t slow down.
|butt in (on)||Interrupt impolitely.||It’s rude to butt in on a conversation.|
|call back||Return a phone call||I’ll call you back as soon as possible.|
|call off||Cancel||The meeting was called off because of the strike.|
|call on/upon||Formally invite or request.||I now call upon the President to address the assembly.|
|calm down||Become more relaxed or less angry/upset.||He was angry at first, but he eventuallycalmed down.|
|carry on||Continue.||He carried on gardening in spite of the rain.|
|carry out||1) Do something as specified (plan, order, threat…)
2) Perform or conduct (test, experiment …)
|1) The plan was carried out to perfection.
2) Tests are carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug.
|carry over||Postpone until later.||As regards holiays, can we carry over days from one year to the next?|
|check in||Register at a hotel or airport.||For security reasons, you have to check intwo hours before your flight.|
|check out||1) Pay one’s bill and leave (a hotel)2) Investigate or verify.||1) Is Mr. Bush still at the hotel? No, hechecked out this morning.
2) I don’t know if the address is still valid.
I’ll check it out.
|clam up||Refuse to speak.||When the teacher arrived, she clammed up.|
|clamp down on||Act strictly to prevent something.||The government decided to clamp down onsmoking in public areas.|
|close down||Stop operating (company, restaurant, cinema …)||When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs.|
|come across||1) Find by chance.2) Appear, seem, make an impression.||1) Julie came across some photographs of her grandparents in the attic.
2) The candidate came across as a dynamic person during the interview.
|come forward||Present oneself.||The police have asked any witnesses to come forward.|
|come up against||Be faced with or opposed by.||The project came up against a lot of criticism.|
|conk out||1) Stop working.2) Stop or fall asleep (from exhaustion).||1) The car conked out on the motorway.
2) He was so exhausted, he conked out in front of the TV.
|count on||Rely or depend on.||I’m counting on the taxi driver to find the theatre.|
|cross out||Remove by drawing a line through.||In some exercises you are asked to cross outthe incorrect word.|
|cut down on||Reduce in number or size.||The doctor told him to cut down oncigarettes.|
|cut out||1) Remove using scissors.
2) Stop doing something.
|1) She cut out a picture in a magazine.
2) I’m going to cut out eating sweet food.
|deal with||Handle, take care of (problem, situation)||The manager is good at dealing with difficult customers.|
|die down||Calm down, become less strong.||When the applause died down, she started to sing.|
|dig into||1) Try to find deep inside something.2) Start to do something.
3) Take from something.
|1) He dug into his pocket and found a coin.2) It was time to dig into the work that had accumulated on her desk.
3) Dad had to dig into his savings to repair the roof.
|dig up||1) Break up the soil/remove by digging.2) Discover or reveal information.||1) He tried to dig up the tree by its roots.2) Some newspapers often try to dig upscandalous information.|
|dish out||Distribute or give away a lot.||He spent the day dishing out invitations to tourists.|
|do without||Manage without.||The shops are closed so we’ll have to
do without sugar.
|drag on||Last longer than expected.||We expected a short speech but it dragged onand on!|
|drag out||1) Make something longer than necessary.2) Make someone reveal or give information unwillingly.||1) Let’s decide now and not drag out this discussion.2) The police finally dragged out a confession from the suspect.|
|draw up||Write (contract, agreement, document).||An agreement as drawn up and signed by the two parties.|
|dress up||1) Wear elegant clothes.2) Disguise oneself.||1) Do people dress up to go to the opera in your country?
2) Children love to dress up at Halloween.
|drift apart||Become less and less close.||We were childhood friends but we drifted apart over the years.|
|drift off||Gradually fall asleep.||He sat back, closed his eyes and drifted off.|
|drive at||Insinuate; be trying to say.||What exactly are you driving at?|
|drop behind||Fall into a position behind others.||Our sales have dropped behind those of our competitors.|
|drop in||Visit, usually on the way somewhere.||I sometimes drop in to see my grandparents on my way home from school.|
|drop off||1) Deliver someone or something.2) Fall asleep.||1) I’ll drop you off at the bus stop if you like.2) Granddad often drops off in front of the TV.|
|drop out||Leave school without finishing.||She decided to go to art school, then dropped out after the first term.|
|drown out||Be louder in order to cover another sound.||She turned up the music to drown out the noise of the children outside.|
|hand back||Return||She read the article and then handed it back.|
|hand down||Pass on (by tradition, inheritance…)||My clothes were handed down to me by my older sister.|
|hand in||Submit (report, homework)||All application forms must be handed inbefore the end of the month.|
|hand out||Distribute||Samples will be handed out at the end
of the demonstration.
|hand over||Give to someone in authority.||The boy was forced to hand over the mobile phone he had stolen.|
|hang back||Be reluctant to do something||All the children rushed towards the clown except one boy who hung back.|
|hang on||Wait||Hang on a minute. I’m early ready.|
|hang on (to)||Keep a hold on something||Hang on to that rope and you’ll be ok.|
|hang out||Spend time in a particular place or with a group of friends||Where does he hang out these days?
Who does he hang out with?
|hang up||End a telephone conversation||Don’t hang up. I haven’t finished yet.|
|head off||Start to go somewhere.||He headed off to the train station.|
|head for||Go/move in a certain direction.||The boat was heading for the rocks.|
|hit at||Aim a blow at something.||He hit at the wasp with a newspaper.|
|hit back||Retaliate / reply to an attack||When he was attacked, the boy hit back.|
|hit on/upon||Find unexpectedly or by inspiration||She hit upon an idea for her new collection.|
|hold on||1) Wait2) Grip tightly||1) Hold on please. I’ll put you through to Mr. Brown.
2) She held on to the railing as she crossed the bridge.
|hold up||Show as a example||She held up the diagram for all to see.|
|hook up||Fasten (a garment)||I need help to hook up my dress.|
|hook up (with)||Link broadcasting facilities||Many networks are hooked up by satellite.|
|hurry up||Be quick / act speedily||Hurry up! We’ll miss the bus!|
|take after||Resemble in appearance or character||Jamie really takes after his dad.|
|take care of||Look after||I’ll take care of your plants while you’re away.|
|take off||Leave the ground||The plane took off at 7 o’clock.|
|take on||Hire or engage staff||Business is good so the company is taking on extra staff.|
|take out||Remove / extract||She took out a pen to note the address.|
|tell off||Reprimand / criticize severely||The teacher told her off for not doing her homework.|
|test out||Carry out an experiment||The theory hasn’t been tested out yet.|
|think over||Consider||I’ll have to think over the proposal before I decide.|
|throw away||Discard as useless or unwanted.||You can throw away that book – it’s a load of rubbish!|
|throw up||Vomit / be sick||I nearly threw up when I saw the injured passengers.|
|tire out||Exhaust completely||The children tired out their grandmother.|
|touch down||Land on the runway||The plane touched down exactly on time.|
|toy with||Think about, without serious intent||I’ve been toying with the idea of starting to walk to work.|
|track down||Find by searching||The police finally tracked down the main suspect.|
|trade in||Give as part payment for a new article.||I traded in my car for a new model.|
|try on||Put on or wear something to see if it suits
|I’m not sure about the size. Can I try it on?|
|turn away||Refuse entrance to someone||Hundreds of fans were turned away from the football stadium.|
|turn down||1)Lower the volume.2)Refuse||1)Please turn down the music; it’s too loud.
2) I couldn’t turn down an offer like that!
|turn off||Stop by turning a switch, tap or knob.||Turn off the lights please before you leave.|
|turn up||1) Arrive, apppear2) Raise the volume||1) She turned up an hour late.2) Could you turn up the radio please?|
|use up||Finish a product ( so that there’s none left)||The kids have used up all the toothpaste.|
|vie with||Compete or rival with someone||The athletes vied with each other for first place.|
|vouch for||Express confidence in, or guarantee something||You can give the keys to Andy. I can vouch for him.|
|ward off||Keep away or repel (something dangerous or unpeasant).||I take plenty of vitamin C to ward off colds.|
|warm up||1) Reheat something.
2) Make more lively or more relaxed.
|1) She warmed up some left-over soup.
2) He told a few jokes to warm up the atmosphere.
|wash up||Wash the dishes after a meal.||Who’s going to help me wash up?|
|watch out||Be careful||Watch out! There’s a car coming.|
|water down||1) Dilute or make weaker by adding water2) Make less severe||1) If you water down the medicine it will be easier to take.
2) He watered down his remarks so as not to offend anyone.
|wear out||1) Become unusable
2) Become very tired
|1) Julie wore out her shoes sightseeing.
2) At the end of the day Julie was worn out.
|whip up||Prepare quickly.||I can whip up something to eat if you’re hungry.|
|wolf down||Eat greedily and quickly.||The boys wolfed down the whole cake in no time!|
|work out||1) Do physical exercise
2) Find a solution or calculate something
|1) I work out twice a week at the gym club.
2) It’s expensive but I haven’t worked out the exact cost yet.
|wind up||Finish or put an end to something||– Before winding up his speech he thanked everyone for their presence.
– He decided to wind up his business and retire.
|wind up||Arrive finally in a place.||We finally wound up in a village with a spectacular view.|
|wipe off||Clean (board, table)||The teacher asked Lee to wipe off the board.|
- Time to get up! – Phrasal Verbs with Get. (englishvillage.wordpress.com)
- Free Promo Codes for VerbBusters and PhrasalVerbWorkout Apps for Android (theapptimes.com)
- Politics: expressions and phrasal verbs (englishexams.wordpress.com)
- Top 10 Vocabulary Learning Resources (inenglishinstitute.wordpress.com)
- Breaking up is hard to do (globetrottingenglish.com)
- Big Fail (kit10phish.wordpress.com)
- Phrasal Verbs(britishenglishtrainer.com)